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Becoming More Vigilant as We Age

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Client Newsletter Volume XVIII Number 4 May 1, 2013

I. Becoming More Vigilant as We Age

Recently I have been giving presentations as a result of a couple of recent books I’ve read. The first, Pound

Foolish by Helaine Olen is an indictment of MY industry, the financial advice industry. A young writer for

the LA Times, the author originated the “financial makeover” column a decade or so ago at the newspaper.

Money Magazine has the same sort of article; an individual or family is chosen for a financial makeover;

their investments, budgets, income, retirement savings, wills, insurance, etc. all reviewed by various

financial advice professionals. Several years later, she began to circle back to her earlier makeover families

and was surprised by the percentage who were not doing very well.

This led her to a book which is about 98% indictment and 2% prescription for improvement, a stance which

has drawn criticism from fellow practitioners. Please note that I approve of the book and recommend it.

One of her primary points is that many pay too much for their investments; index funds are my answer and

continue to be a great answer to this.

One of her findings, based on the research of others, is that our ability to make financial decisions peaks at

about age 53 and then to decline, but our confidence in our own judgment does not decline. She asserts that

this sets us up to become the victims of more than our share of financial fraud (and for often paying too

much some of our financial investments). She notes that those who live to age 85 have a very high (50/50)

chance of some impediment to our decision making.

Couple these findings with a second book, also recommended: The Vigilant Investor by Pat Huddleston. He

is an attorney and former Securities and Exchange Commission investigator (Did you know that the SEC

has 500 of them on their staff?, none of whom found the Madoff scheme, even when reported to them years

earlier). He quotes FBI findings that the amount of financial fraud to which we are subject in the US is

about $40 billion per year—that’s the equivalent of a Madoff scheme EACH YEAR.

Put the information excerpted from the two books together and you see the need for additional

arrangements/protection as we age.

There are many facets to this. I believe that this is a wake up call for all of us to make sure that we have a

couple of arrangements:

 Wills and powers of attorney for financial matters. If our arrangements are in place and, importantly, if

those we have chosen know that they might be responsible for assisting us at some point, we are better

 Discussion of our finances and our investments with our family or others. Each family is different. My

parents were, (20 years ago) open to sharing their finances with yours truly and my three siblings. They

accepted my advice that not only would this allow my generation to assist when and where needed but

would allow my generation to do some additional financial planning

Some parents are very reluctant to share such information with any of their family. They reason that if my

child knows he is in line for an inheritance it may reduce his incentive to continue to work and strive

independently. Others fret that some of their children are more financial successful than others, for various

reasons, and do not wish to speak about maters which may cause disharmony.

I believe that we will be safer, less liable to be “taken to the cleaners,” if we have family involved. An

alternative is the involvement of others. I am proud of the trust of my clients and would welcome a chance

to assist you in reasoning your way through this.

Please contact me if I can be of assistance.

Most of you know that I am aged 68. To insure that my judgment and intelligence continues unimpaired I

periodically take a series of tests, administered professionally, to determine if I still have “all my marbles.”

This is an obligation taken seriously. It is my goal to continue to assist you through age 78 and I look

forward to that opportunity. I’d be pleased to answer questions.

II. What Are OUR and THEIR Asset Allocations?



Each of us has a different ability to live with uncertainty (risk) and so our investments will be different:

As of March 31, 2013 Clients The Smartts

Money Market Funds 2.3 0.9%

Bond Funds 31.9 4.3%

Stock Funds 65.8 94.8%

Totals 100.0% 100.0%

Remember each of us has different goals and needs and our asset allocation should fit us and our family.

Over long years stock investments generally perform much better than bonds. But when the financial news

is bad we can be afraid to purchase stock investments, and when the news is good, stocks are so high in price

that they may not be quite as good an investment..

If you have questions about your asset allocation, or your retirement plan investments, I’d be pleased to

III. Vanguard Rates of Return (through Latest Quarter End)



Performance percentages are per Morningstar. Amounts in parentheses are percentile rankings

(1= best and 100= worst) within category.

Periods ended March 31, 2013 Yr.-to-date 5 Years 10 Years

Total Stock Market Index Admiral 11.0% (30) 6.6% (15) 9.4% (15)

Tax-Managed Capital Appreciation

Tax-Managed Small Capitalization 11.7% (75) 9.3% (22) 12.4% (18)

REIT Index Admiral 8.1% (12) 7.3% (17) 12.4% (29)

Tax-Managed International Admiral 4.6% (24) -0.7% (44) 9.9% (32)

Balanced Index Admiral 6.5% (29) 6.6% (9) 8.0% (24)

Total Bond Market Index Admiral -0.1% (76) 5.4% (66) 5.0% (46)

Interim-Term Investment-Grade Bond 0.3% (38) 7.2% (19) 5.9% (19)

High–Yield Corporate Bond 1.8% (88) 9.5% (49) 7.8% (78)

For comparison, here are several stock and bond benchmarks:

Periods ended March 31, 2013 Yr.-to-date 5 Years 10 Years

S & P 500 (large stocks) 10.6% 5.8% 8.5%

Russell 2000 (small stocks)


Barclays Aggregate Bond Index -0.1% 5.5% 5.0%

BofAML US High Yield Master II TR

(bond index)

10.8% (36) 6.2% (20) 9.2% (19)



2.9% 11.3% 9.9%





Vanguard mutual funds and ETFs continue to perform as expected. I expect each Vanguard fund or ETF, for

each ten-year period to be in the top 1/3 before taxes based on low cost, and they ought to be in the top 1/4

(stock funds) after income taxes.

The Vanguard High Yield Corporate Bond fund takes significantly less risk that the average “high yield”

(also known as “junk bond”) fund. When junk bonds are doing well, as they have for ten years per the above

benchmark, the Vanguard fund doesn’t compare as well. I continue to recommend it as an additional

diversification from good quality bonds and am satisfied with its absolute performance exactly because it

takes significantly less risk than the average high-yield fund. So many other investors attempted to buy this

fund that it closed in May, 2012. Until it reopens several are using a low cost, non-Vanguard ETF, pending

reopening of the Vanguard fund.

If you have questions about your investment asset allocation, please contact me.

IV. The America That Works, Four Reasons for Optimism



The Economist Magazine, March 16-22nd, 2013 edition, presents four main reasons to be optimistic about our

economic future. In a sixteen page separate section the magazine sites the following:

 Education. Of the top 30 research universities in the world, 27 are in America. Although public

education continues to be stretched for funding and there are lots of issues unsolved, The Economist

believes that the fact that states are individually responsible for education is leading to each state, in

an attempt to create better conditions, becoming 50 (or 51 with DC) laboratories for what works and

how it can be applied. Some of these innovations are beginning to bear fruit. “American schools are

getting their biggest overhaul in living memory,” says the magazine.

 Innovation. The US Patent Office granted some 700,000 US patents to foreigners and foreign

corporations in a recent year. “The number of patents issued to Americans is growing too, and is also

near its historic peak relative to the population according to a new study from the Brookings

Institution, a think-tank. Issuance has been rising steadily since the late 1980s. Moreover, the recent

crop appears to be of relatively high quality judging by how often they are cited and claims on them

are made.” Further, America remains the world’s biggest spender on research and development;

corporations doing a lot of the development and various federal government agencies (DARPA in the

Pentagon and the National Institutes of Health, and many others) continuing to do much of the basic


 Infrastructure. Think faster commutes to work on highways and faster internet “pipes.” States and

cities are, in the face of budget constraints, getting more creative with financing needed

improvements to infrastructure.

 “The shale gas and an oil bonanza are transforming America’s energy outlook and boosting its

economy.” Because much of the rest of the world, including most developing countries are paying

more, and will continue to pay more for energy, our new energy sources are already beginning to help

reawaken manufacturing in the US. The cost differences are narrowing between the US and labor

markets in developing countries due to both energy costs to manufacture, and energy costs to ship

goods to us, and to other countries.

“All told, says the HIS [a research firm], unconventional oil and gas accounted for $238 billion in

economic activity, 1.7 million jobs and $62 billion in taxes in 2012. That includes the exploration

and extraction itself, the supply chains they rely on and the extra spending by all those oilmen. But it

leaves out the second-order effects of cheaper gas, electricity and chemicals. And natural gas use

produces less harmful effect on our environment than does petroleum burning.”

As always there are clouds which are a bit darker. (1) The national political tussle shows no clear signs of

ending, this increases economic uncertainty, for businesses and for all of us as individuals and investors.

(2) Immigration, especially of talented individuals willing and able to come to America, a driver of

economic growth for centuries, is holding us back. Almost a decade ago we begin to decrease the

number of job slots available for talented foreigners and imposed a devilishly complicated set of

procedures which US companies must complete in order to obtain foreign talent. And there are others.

Please note well that neither stock nor bond prices fluctuate in lock step with economic development, but

I found it comforting, long term, to view The Economist’s perspective.

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